A more flexible representation of substantive theory. Psychological Methods, 17, Click ""download paper"" below for the latest version of October 21, Download the 2nd version dated April 14,
Recently, one of our readers asked if we would write an article about the difficulties faced by children and adults who were adopted. This is submitted in answer to that request. All names and places are fictionalized: A woman discovers that her birth mother is alive even though her adoptive parents told her she was dead.
In point of fact, her adoptive mother had tried to contact her and the adoptive family from the time she was five years old and onward. A young woman from a war torn Asian nation was adopted by a white American family. She will not search for her parents and family because she is convinced they are dead and she does not wish to "betray" her American parents.
She comes to therapy because she has difficulty maintaining intimate relationships and feels quite depressed. An adopted girl is convinced that her parents are her natural parents. However, they are unable to explain to her why she is in their wedding photographs when they had told her she was born a year after they married.
A male baby is adopted by a Jewish family and is raised in the Jewish religion. These are just a few of the types of situations that adopted children find themselves confronted with either during childhood or after they enter adulthood.
Other Sources of Information: There are many autobiographical books available, written by those who were adopted and writing about their experiences that provide lots of information about the issues experienced by these people.
In addition, a Google search of the internet will yield lots of research studies done on this very issue. Issues faced by adopted persons: It is very common for those who were adopted to feel rejected and abandoned by their birth parents. This is accompanied by feelings of grief and loss.
There is no set time or age when these feeling surface but, sooner or later, they do. Feelings of loss and rejection are often accompanied by a damaged sense of self esteem. There is an understandable tendency to think that "something must be wrong with me for my birth parents to have give me away.
Guilt accompanies loss and grief because the adopted individual believes that they are being disloyal to the people who adopted, loved and raised them.
They do not want to hurt or betray their adoptive mother or father. Feelings of guilt and fears of being disloyal were what prevented the girl in case "C" from asking the obvious question, "why am I in your wedding pictures if I was not born yet?
In cases B and D there is a disconnect with the original heritage of the birth parents. For the Asian young woman, raised in a large family with many siblings, the obvious racial differences did come to "haunt her" later on.Research Papers words | ( pages) | Preview Marginalisation of the Elderly in America - Independence is a socially constructed concept within a capitalistic patriarchal society that serves to marginalize and oppress the elderly members of the society.
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Nov 08, · The most widespread health conditions affecting those 65 and older include arthritis, heart disease, stroke, cancer, pneumonia and the flu. Accidents, especially falls that result in hip fractures, are also unfortunately common in the pfmlures.coms: An international, peer-reviewed, open access journal focusing on the science of psychology and its application in behavior management to develop improved outcomes in the clinical, educational, sports and business arenas.
Specific topics covered in the journal Neuroscience, memory and decision making, behavior modification, clinical applications, business and sports performance management. where L S and L NS are susceptible and non-susceptible labour inputs and C is computer capital.
Computer capital is supplied perfectly elastically at market price per efficiency unit, where the market price is falling exogenously with time due to technological progress.
The purpose of this paper is to expand upon the finding that depression and suicide are becoming more and more likely to occur among older adults. The theory behind this finding that older adults are becoming more and more depressed and committing suicide at a greater rate than ever before is due to.