Speakers include adherents of the religions of Islam, Sikhism and Hinduism. According to various sources, Punjabi has approximately million native speakers, which makes it approximately the 11th most widely spoken language in the world. According to the Ethnologue estimate, there are 88 million native speakers of the Punjabi language.
History shows that this region, due to the influence of Persian language during the Mughal Period was named as Punjab due to the reason that it has five rivers namely, the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Sutlej, and the Beas.
Punjabi is spoken by inhabitants of Punjab region in Pakistan and India and also some dialects of Punjabi are spoken in North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, Kashmir and the suburban areas of Punjab. George Abraham Griersona linguistin his 24 volume Linguistic Survey of India done in mentions that languages are spoken in India, and Punjabi is one of them.
There are three different views on this which are as follows: Spoken Sanskrit changed into Prakrit and Upbharnish which further gave birth to modern Indo-Aryan languages such as Punjabi, Sindhi etc. Therefore, most experts believe that Punjabi contains many words from both Vedic and Sanskrit.
With the first theory raising serious questions, some experts connected modern languages of the subcontinent with the Vedic language. It may also be noted that Sanskrit does not share a common syntax with the modern languages of the subcontinent.
This group has carefully studied, questioned and analyzed writings and theories of earlier experts. They do not seem to be impressed by big scholarly names or reputation of the Pundits and the European experts.
Instead they draw their own conclusions from all the evidence available. They take their guidance from a host of solid leads, such as, archaeological findings at Swan, Harappa, Sara-i-Khola, etc. The syntax of modern languages of the subcontinent has no relationship with that of Sanskrit.
All this has not been carefully studied before. It is also said that this language is being spoken in this region for centuries.
Punjabi emerged as an independent language in the 11th century. Most of the material in this language originates from the 3rd to 10th centuries AD. And its literature started developing tremendously since the time Muslims came to this part of the world.
Punjabi language has more than 70 dialects see Punjabi to Urdu Dictionary spoken in the different sub-regions of Punjab. In Pakistan, the Punjabi speaking territory spans the east-central districts of Punjab Province, ie. Lahore, the historic capital city of Punjab is the largest Punjabi speaking city in the world.
Punjabi is spoken as a native language by over 2. Punjabi is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and the shared state capital Chandigarh. It is one of the official languages of the state of Delhi and the second language of Haryana. Thus Indian Punjab is the Punjabi language state.
This site will give detail on this Punjabi.Powadh (or Puadh or Powadha) is a region of the Punjab, India, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh states in northwest India which has the Satluj river in its north and covers the regions immediately south of the Ghaggar river.
The people of the area are known as Poadhi and speak the Poadhi dialect of Punjabi. Punjab is a well-known state in India that is located at the northwest end of the country. This state has gained recognition as the 'land of five rivers'.
Punjab (British India), The part of Punjab region where Punjabi is the majority language; divided between India and PakistanThe area now known as the Greater Punjab comprises what were once vast territories of eastern Pakistan and northern western India. The Punjab (,,,), also spelled Panjab, panj-āb, land of "five rivers" (Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi) ; ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi)), is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern .
natives of the Punjab region of India and The phonemic inventory of Punjabi is Eastern Punjab. Due to difference of religious backgrounds, Punjabi spoken in Eastern Punjab is more influenced by Sanskrit where as Punjabi spoken in Western Punjab is influenced by Persian.
Sainis of Punjab and contiguous region trace their origin to the famous Surasena lineage of the Yaduvanshi Rajputs of Mathura who came to Punjab in defence of the Hindus during the era of Ghaznavide invasions (Trevaskis, ; Baden-Powell, ).
Some scholars have linked their ancestry with the Rajput warriors who fought along with Prithvi Raj Chauhan in response to Ghorid .