Antibiotic resistance

This table is not a comprehensive listing of all resistant bacteria and possible treatments.

Antibiotic resistance

What You Can Do Imagine you develop an infection -- anything from a typical urinary tract infection to tuberculosis. The discovery of antibiotics changed medicine in the 20th century. More than Antibiotic resistance prescriptions are written for antibiotics in the U.

But bacteria are starting to adapt to the drugs and are becoming harder to kill.

Antibiotic resistance

Some bacteria can naturally resist certain kinds of antibiotics. Others can become resistant if their genes change or they get drug-resistant genes from other bacteria.

The longer and more often antibiotics are used, the less effective they are against those bacteria. You might need stronger, more expensive drugs.

Or you might need to take them longer. You also might not get well as quickly, or you could develop other health issues. Each year, an estimated 2 million people in the U. In some cases, these infections result in death.

Resistance also makes it more difficult to care for people with chronic diseases. Some people need medical treatments like chemotherapysurgery, or dialysisand they sometimes take antibiotics to help reduce the risk of infection.

Scientists should step up the development of new antibiotics and vaccines as well as diagnostic tests to identify drug-resistant bacteria.

Public health officials should monitor antibiotic resistance and track its spread. Doctors should help stop unnecessary antibiotic use and develop safer practices in hospitals and clinics.

Farmers should stop giving animals antibiotics needed to treat diseases in people. What You Can Do To help fight antibiotic resistance and protect yourself against infection: Always ask your doctor if antibiotics will really help. Take your entire prescription exactly as directed. Do it even if you start feeling better.

If you stop before the infection is completely wiped out, those bacteria are more likely to become drug-resistant. Immunizations can protect you against some diseases that are treated with antibiotics.

They include tetanus and whooping cough. Stay safe in the hospital. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are commonly found in hospitals. Make sure your caregivers wash their hands properly. Also, ask how to keep surgical wounds free of infection. Protecting Yourself and Your Family.

Key Facts," "Does stopping a course of antibiotics early lead to antibiotic resistance?WebMD explains what antibiotic resistance is and tells you how you can protect yourself.

Overuse of antibiotics is creating stronger germs. Some bacteria are already "resistant" to common antibiotics. When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, it is often harder and more expensive to treat the infection. Imagine you develop an infection -- anything from a typical urinary tract infection to tuberculosis.

Now imagine there's nothing doctors can do. The discovery of antibiotics changed medicine in. This is the first of two articles about the antibiotic resistance crisis. Part 2 will discuss strategies to manage the crisis and new agents for the treatment of bacterial infections. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.

The term antibiotic resistance (AR or ABR) is a subset of AMR, as it applies only to bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses of antimicrobials. Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to effectively control or kill bacterial growth; in other words, the bacteria are "resistant" and continue to multiply in the presence of therapeutic levels of an antibiotic.

With the discovery of antimicrobials in the s.

Antimicrobial resistance - Wikipedia